You’re quickly going through your oral hygiene routine and suddenly notice blood on your gums or spit.
While it may not be a big deal, you shouldn’t dismiss it so casually because it could be a pointer to serious infection(s).
Common causes of bleeding gums include physical injury, changing oral hygiene routine, pregnancy or infections such as gingivitis.
While injury and infections require medical intervention, other causes of gum bleeding can be managed easily with the following practices.
Regular oral hygiene
The most common cause of gum bleeding is plaque buildup . When you don’t clean teeth and gums regularly, plague builds up and hardens to a calcified substance called tartar.
Tartar irritates the gums, causing bleeding. If not managed in a timely fashion, it can progress to serious gum infections.
Dentists recommend brushing teeth at least twice a day. Floss at least once a day.
Use the right brush
A common misconception is that a brush with hard bristles cleans teeth better than one with soft bristles.
However, the opposite is true. Hard bristles can cause irritation and lead to bleeding of gums.
Go for brushes with firm but soft bristles.
Sometimes it is now what we use to brush but how we brush teeth that causes gum bleeding.
Avoid pressing the toothbrush too hard on your teeth and gums when brushing. Instead, apply gentle pressure while moving the brush in circular motions on your teeth and gums.
Diet plays a major role in keeping your teeth and gums healthy. Generally, foods with a lot of sugar tend to encourage plaque buildup and bacterial growth.
Embrace a low-sugar diet, with plenty of vegetables and fruits.
Where you can’t avoid sugary foods, consume them in moderation and remember to brush soon after eating them to discourage plaque buildup and bacterial growth.
See a dentist
While the above simple practices can go a long way in preventing gum bleeding, serious underlying issues need the intervention of a dentist.
A dentist will be able to accurately identify cause of gum bleeding and suggest the most appropriate intervention.